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Double Taxation Agreement Germany Spain

Double Taxation Agreement between Germany and Spain

Double taxation is a situation when two different countries claim a taxpayer`s income or profits, which results in the possibility of double taxation. To overcome this burden, most countries sign double taxation agreements to help taxpayers avoid the same tax obligations in two countries. The Double Taxation Agreement (DTA) is an essential tool to ensure tax fairness and reduce obstacles for international business investments.

Germany and Spain have a Double Taxation Agreement, which was signed in February 1967 and revised in 2013. The agreement provides rules and regulations for how both tax authorities are to treat individuals and businesses who conduct business in both countries. In this article, we will discuss the double taxation agreement between Germany and Spain in detail.

Purpose of Double Taxation Agreement

DTA`s primary objective is to prevent international taxpayers from being taxed multiple times for the same income or profits. Double taxation agreements provide clarity on the taxation rules and regulations for individuals and businesses that operate in both countries. These agreements also promote trade and investment by eliminating tax barriers and encouraging economic activities between the countries. Moreover, DTA agreements help in preventing tax evasion and improving transparency in tax matters.

Key Features of Double Taxation Agreement

The German-Spanish Double Taxation Agreement covers various income sources, including income from business operations, dividends, interest, royalties, and capital gains. The agreement sets out clear rules on the taxation of dual residents, which are individuals who reside in both Germany and Spain.

According to the agreement, if one of the countries taxes its residents on worldwide income, it will exempt them from taxation in the other country. The DTA also provides a mechanism for resolving cases of double taxation, which includes a mutual agreement procedure (MAP). The MAP is a dispute resolution process that allows taxpayers to seek resolution from the competent authorities in the respective countries.

The agreement also defines the permanent establishment (PE) concept, which is used to determine the taxation of businesses that operate across borders. A PE refers to a fixed place of business, such as a branch, office, factory, or workshop, where a company`s activities are carried out. The DTA provides clear guidelines on the taxation of PEs, including the allocation of profits and losses between the countries.


The Double Taxation Agreement between Germany and Spain is an essential tool for businesses and individuals who operate in both countries. The agreement provides clarity on the rules and regulations for taxation of various income sources, including dividends, capital gains, interest, and royalties. It helps in preventing double taxation, improving trade and investment, and promoting transparency in tax matters. If you are a taxpayer who operates in both Germany and Spain, make sure you understand the DTA`s provisions to avoid any tax complications.